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  • All the interviews (lasting 60–90 min) were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. A second listening was carried out to ensure correspondence between the recorded and the transcribed data. The complete case reports were then sent back to the interviewees for comment, and any inaccuracies they noticed were corrected. In addition, e-mail communication was used to collect further information and to clarify inconsistent issues if necessary. A further step at this point was to look at... [more]
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  • The interviewees were first asked to describe their business in general, thereafter their operations related to internationalization as a whole, and from that their business as it related to internationalization in France in particular. On the basis of general information on entry to the French market, more detailed questions were then asked about the following. [more]
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  • As Table 2 illustrates, the network ties involved in the international opportunity recognition of family SMEs were intermediary ties,formal ties, and informal ties. It is interesting that none of the informal ties was a family-based tie. Formal ties were present in the opportunity recognition of Firms C and G. In Firm G, the opportunity to enter France was perceived via a French supplier from whom Firm G imported various components. After one year of cooperation, this French partner asked if... [more]
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  • Notice that thereof network tie is related to the context of the network tie (informal, formal, intermediary), whereas the strength perspective involves the level of trust and emotion in the ties. The level of activeness, for its part, adds to the picture of network ties in opportunity recognition, demonstrating further the attitude of the firms concerned towards the formation of network ties. [more]
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  • In this section we shall present the network ties through which the opportunity to enter France was recognized by the individuals belonging to the case firms. The findings here are generally presented at firm-level. This corresponds to the approach taken, for instance, by Chetty and Blankenburg Holm (2000),Coviello (2006), and Coviello and Munro (1997), who interviewed managers and reported the findings at firm level. [more]
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  • All the interviews (lasting 60–90 min) were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. A second listening was carried out to ensure correspondence between the recorded and the transcribed data. The complete case reports were then sent back to the interviewees for comment, and any inaccuracies they noticed were corrected. In addition, e-mail communication was used to collect further information and to clarify inconsistent issues if necessary. A further step at this point was to look at... [more]
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  • The interviewees were first asked to describe their business in general, thereafter their operations related to internationalization as a whole, and from that their business as it related to internationalization in France in particular. On the basis of general information on entry to the French market, more detailed questions were then asked about the following. https://www.jiaodianlunwen.com/order-online [more]
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  • The number of cases fits with the view of Eisenhardt (1989), who recommended using four to ten cases. Suitable case firms were sought out from different databases, including Finnish export statistics, the French-Finnish Chamber of Commerce, and Finpro Paris. We identified six SMEs that had direct operations in France, five of which are included in this study. The remaining three cases were family SMEs that had indirect operations (direct export) in France. As advised in the study of... [more]
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  • The research setting for this study consisted of eight Finnish family firms operating in the French market, but with different modes of operation (seeTable 1). Finland was chosen as the country of origin due to its small and open economy with a very limited domestic market (OECD, 1997). In countries where the domestic market size is small, internationalization is an important growth strategy, forming part of efforts to guarantee long-term survival. [more]
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  • Network ties have been regarded as extremely important for international opportunity recognition. Research on this area has been carried out in relation to (i) types of network ties (Child et al., 2002; Coviello, 2006; Ojala, 2009), (ii) strength of network ties (Agndal et al., 2008; Chandra et al., 2009; Crick & Spence, 2005), and (iii) networking activeness (Crick & Spence, 2005; Ellis, 2000; Ojala, 2009). However, it remains unclear how each of these perspectives explains the... [more]
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  • This research intended to focus on the internationalization process in software firms due to the industry’s rapid growth in international activities. In Malaysia, this sector not only has achieved rapid growth but it has also gained much attention and assistance from the government. With this assistance, many indigenous SME software firms have succeeded in developing world-class software products and have expanded sales to international markets. Please visit [more]
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  • This research used a multisite case study methodology to effectively identify and understand detailed international growth patterns and processes of firms. Beside face-to-face interviews, documents were also collected through newspapers and the Internet to extract more evidences. Please visit https://www.jiaodianlunwen.com/services/tourism-essay if you are interested in essay writing service. [more]
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  • This approach was used in two recent papers which examined the role of social ties in the formation of international exchange relations. Significantly, both papers report similar findings despite drawing on evidence from dissimilar populations of exporters. https://www.essaymon.com/different-opinions-on-creative.html [more]
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