Carbon stock refers to the amount of carbon stored in various ecosystems, including forests, grasslands, wetlands, and soils. In India, carbon stock plays a crucial role in climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation. The country has diverse ecosystems, including tropical forests in the Western Ghats and the Himalayas, mangroves along the coastal regions, and grasslands in the central plains. These ecosystems serve as significant carbon sinks, sequestering and storing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Efforts are being made to protect and restore these ecosystems to enhance carbon stock and promote sustainable development in India. Additionally, initiatives such as afforestation, reforestation, and sustainable land management practices contribute to increasing carbon stock and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.